Agriculture is the core occupation of Thai people. Farmers meet the harms of innumerable types of insect mice that damage crops and consequence in damage of productivity all year. Therefore, it is obligatory for farmers to use up pesticides to nip in the bud crop damage. However, while pesticides are old in big quantity, they begin adverse impacts on people, animals and the environment. as an alternative of by means of pesticides, the authority has to buoy up other behavior to inhibit insect pests, plus the operation of biological agents and a few insects etc. A earlier revise has publicized that the ultraviolet ignite of happy emitting diode tube might be old to decoy “Coconut Hispine Beetle”(Plesispa reichei Chapuis), a hurtful nuisance of coconut and a collection of palm species. This learn intended to expand Solar Energy-Based Insect mice fence in by by means of ultraviolet entertaining emitting diode tube to enticement the insect rats and 12 volt string as weight distribute to happy emitting diode tube. The sequence charging system derives electrical energy from 20 watts of solar faction for treat at night. This future Solar Energy-Based Insect rats corner has an programmed keep in check system to temptation insect mice as soon as in attendance is no sunlight and the system will be break off once the sun shines. The consequences of the system installation investigation showed that this planned Solar Energy-Based Insect mice entrap might ensnare quite a few types of insect rats in vegetable and coconut plantations together with Brotispa, Elephus beetles, and Aphis, etc.
Agriculture is a principal occupation in Thailand. Every day farmers admit fly tribulations which acutely demolish crops. at hand are countless preventions and exterminations of fly problems, such as mechanical method, animal method, biological method, and element method. by pesticides and element mode absolutely affects on agriculturists and consumers, for example, rats are element challenging which leads farmers by means of extra and extra pesticides. This causes hide dregs which is dodgy for consumers, and too affects on environment and ecology.
At present, the customers highlight on cautious and non-chemical food. The producers must be conscious of this concern and cut bug killer to decline farmers’ and consumer’s health evils by creating non-chemical and bug killer measures. Moreover, agriculturalists has tried to get hold of other conduct as an alternative of element old such as via illumination to tempt mice which is current technique for farmers. However, that mode is nonetheless be short of of emotional energy for bulbs as the ranch is extreme away, and trick is too expensive. From this point, the researcher has residential Solar Energy-Based Insect nuisance snare for orchards and vegetable.
To develop Solar Energy-Based Insect Pest Trap
3. Insect and pest control
At the moment at hand are a lot of customs to trash insect and condense costs from pest. Besides, nearby are cockroaches in exported foodstuffs that fake on export consequence and scenery set a price of agricultural products. Insect and bug manipulation is obligatory for agriculturists to get to the bottom of the problem. Farmers manage scores of customs with insects and pests such as,
1) Biological Control or Biocontrol. This style is by means of pests’ expected killers to demolish and curb the outbreaks. For example, farmers second-hand Chelisoches morio (Fabricius) and Krigrogramma waspto inspect and shattered Brontispa longissima Gestrowhich ruined crown of coconut trees. Farmers plus maintained polite environment for bug killers to live and propagate. This means is far and wide second-hand to self-control Pultella xylostella,
Trichoplusia ni, Spodopterasp, Heliothis armigera, and folio rolling centerpillar. The actual bane of your existence killers are roam beetle, Parasite, Pthogen, fungi, Entomogenous nematode, etc.
2) Plant Resistanc logic is by means of Pest-Resistant Crop kind planted appropriately in farm. The plants are enhanced to preclude creepy-crawly from breeding and genetic engineering. now the TCP are corn, potato, bean, tomato, cotton, tobacco, rice, wheat, etc. We telephone call harvest from TCP as Genetically custom-made Organisms; GMOs. In Thailand, the enhanced stand resistances are rice,cane, and sesame.
3) Cultural Methods. This mode container rule simply one collection of pain in the neck in a time. Such as educating the slightest mosquito plant, via transplantation as an alternative of seeding, choosing mulching materials, intercropping, and crop rotation to cut off pest’s existence circle.
4) Mechanical and Physical Methods. This system reins the chief mice in every party by by light, radiation, sound, heating techniques and machinery to dictate and put a stop to pest; this approach requires hi-technology which is expensive. For case a) by nylon earn covers vegetable cot to save from harm moth laying eggs on leaves. The nylon netting canister stop Pultella xylostella, Armyworm, and Caterpillar. The drawback of nylon obtain is that it will be damaged from blustery weather blowing or blustery storm in unlock spot everyplace is no roll bread. b) via sticky yellow-enameled pain in the neck trap. Insects generally take flight to blonde materials. We cover up the stuffs with sticky stuff and dangle them on stakes a modest bit, above from plants about 1 indicator from the ground. The equipment tin be gas gallon, forced bucket, artificial board, wood, or galvanized iron page which are a seek permission bottom and are hung every 3 just meters of works plot’s space. The insects were attentive are Phylum arthropoda, Armyworm moth, Pultella xylostella moth, Fruit fly, Whitefly, combustion leafhopper, Cicada leafhopper, and Aphid. c) by black noiseless trap. Agriculturists mostly operate ultraviolet fluorescence bulb or black daylight bulb to lock in Giant stream bug. The agricultural researchers manipulation luminosity to ensnare insects for collecting information about insect demographic for decreasing damageable plantation. They prop farmers to work bulb in orchards. 40 centimeters above 2550 Nichanant Sermsri and Chonmapat Torasa / Procedia – gathering and Behavioral Sciences 197 ( 2015 ) 2548 – 2553 make stronger pipeline edges with every 50 meters long. The diameter is 1 meter. at that moment soak the pipes with detergent water, kerosene, or diesel to snare insects. in attendance are numerous insects were intent by this reasoning such as Heliothis armigera, Spodopterasp, Nilaparvata lugens, Agrotisp, Nephotettix nigropictrs, Scotinopharasp, Orseolia oryzae, etc
(Latbualuang crop growing increase Office, 2014).
5) Legal Control. by barred morality by means of Acts. Thailand has the Plants Quarantine perform B.E. 2507, the purposes are 1) stop any cockroaches from abroad, and 2) stop identifiable mice from any regions to division to other areas.
6) Chemical Control. via pesticides or agropesticides or any compound with nearly lettering or groups of pets, but the stuffs may plus assume on countless types or groups. at hand are scores of pesticides for successfully pain in the neck control.
Nowadays the botanical pesticides are very nontoxic for equally injectors and consumers; such as ecological Neem extracts.
7) Integrated Pest Control. It is by means of extra than 2 methods of preceding dominate together. This practice is industrial to IPM (Integrated creepy-crawly Management) which is rats run to diminish compound and raise environmental safety.
8) Natural or Organic Farming. At hand is no sincere nuisance control, but by means of environmental next of kin accord on a number of livelihood things. This emphasizes producing processes additional than crop (Tavatchai, 2014).
4. Research methodology
The Solar Energy-Based Insect annoyance catch study is an experimental research. The target is, to produce and devise Solar Energy-Based Insect bane of your existence snare by via ultraviolet LED bulbs as cheerful source. The ultraviolet is
effective wavelength to tempt insects. Solar cells are old to exchange solar energy to exciting energy and loose change to series for annoyance trap. After that, earn the confine to investigation the effectiveness and consequences of fly corner in agricultural areas.
The processes are;
1. Design. The idea proposal of Solar Energy-Based Insect fly ruse devise is by means of broad-spectrum stuffs; electronic parasite trap, acrylic boards. The trick has to with no trouble produce, not make difficult for lessons to agriculturalist. The Solar Energy-Based Insect fly trick consists of a) 20 watts Solar booth to loose change solar energy to emotional energy for set charging. b) 12 volt 14 Ah Sealed prime Acid Calcium string to hoard stimulating payment in daytime and do stimulating energy to LEDs at nighttime. c) Ultraviolet LED. They engage in 315-400 nm for wavelength; the as a rule apt wavelength for insect tempting (Nichanun, Chanonpat, 2014; Taiwan Agricultural examination Institute, 2014). d) amusing sensor beat circuit, it is on/off change for LED. If the sensor gets illumination from solar energy, it does not act yet. If the sun sets or the sensor cannot progress any lights, the swap plant by convey stimulating energy from run to LED. The LED bulbs will on at nighttime. e) Electronic parasite ensnare is old to shock insects which rush to LED.
2. Invention. The highest constitution of Solar Energy-Based Insect bug trick is complete from steel for lasting by means of in
agricultural fields. Its height is 150 centimeters. On the maximum of Insect insect Trap, bed in the 20 watts solar cells panel, mass 45×45 cm, 10-15 degrees of altitude outlook for solar effective. The foundation of the ruse is steel plates to mount the ground. The insects tempt consists of 30x40x15 (width x duration x thickness) clear acrylic make even package which bottle consent to LED amusing out of the box. at hand is line net of electronic parasite corner on one section of the box. at hand are 150 LED amount 7×7 mm; 5 rows of 30 LED bulbs both inside the box. Other stuffs are 5 amps set charger, 12 versus 14 Ah Sealed central Acid Calcium battery, soft sensor button circuit, and from top to toe voltage route of tick shut in are situate in steel carton to inhibit from any damages, as made known in Figure.