chools will reopen on these phrases after October 15, according to government approaches
Starting on November 15, St. Paul telephone operators went on strike. According to the Pioneer Press daily newspaper, “Less than one third the new cases being reported to the health department,” as a result of the telephone strike.33 This strike not only affected the reporting of cases, but also isolation, as well as their release from such a measure.
For most people, the coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough that clear up in two to three weeks. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness, including pneumonia.
Military personnel as well as civilians were inoculated beginning as early as October 4, 1918.37 Both city health departments purchased vaccine and distributed it to physicians at no charge to encourage widespread use. In Minneapolis, people desiring the vaccine “thronged” the offices of doctors hoping to be vaccinated, and in St. Paul it was reported that “thousands of persons have been inoculated.”39,42 Some physicians took advantage of their access to vaccine and the public’s fear of influenza. According to St. Paul’s Citizens’ Committee, it was discovered that “a few physicians were charging a fat fee for inoculations.”29 This was particularly disturbing as the vaccinations were supplied to the physicians for free.
Had these ideas been generated prior to such a large emergency, several problems could have been averted. The debates and disagreements between different public officials and health agencies, as with the Hennepin County School Board and the Minneapolis Health Department or between the Minneapolis Health Department and the St. Paul Health Department, could have been discussed in advance. Supplies could have been stockpiled, business leaders and community members could have provided input on controversial disease containment policies, and medical students could have been put to work in hospitals and communities that lacked physicians. Unfortunately, these disputes arose and continued throughout the pandemic.
Although the two cities chose different methods of disease containment, determining which method was more successful is challenging. Information on cases in both cities depended on ill individuals seeking the attention of physicians, who were in short supply. The physicians were then required to report the number of new cases each day to their city health department. The city then reported the total number of cases to the newspapers, which published the number of new cases and deaths each day. This chain of information left much room for error and possible falsification.
Hispanic/Latinx, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders and Blacks had significantly higher rates of COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations as compared to whites, according to the data. The rates were also higher among American Indian/Alaskan Natives (though not statistically significant due to small population numbers) and slightly lower among Asian populations as compared to whites.
Debate between the two cities on the merits of closing schools caused further strain. Dr. Simon held that St. Paul’s school nurses were the best defense against the spread of the disease, and that closing schools would allow cases to go undetected as the children would not be under any medical supervision. Dr. Guilford disagreed, pointing out that 30 school nurses would not be able to adequately care for the 50,000 pupils in the Minneapolis public school system during a pandemic.16 Minneapolis closed the schools on two separate occasions (October 12 to November 17, and December 10 to December 29, 1918).
Parental permission is also required
Greatly parents are hesitant to bring their children to school until the hazard of Covid-19 is totally eliminated. The schools will also want the permission of the children’s parents.
Actions for colleges and higher educational institutions
Higher education institutions can only exist reopened for PhD Scholars and PG students in Science and Technology. But the class does not start immediately.
Title II of the ADA prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in all programs, activities, and services of public entities. It applies to all state and local governments, their departments and agencies, and any other instrumentalities or special purpose districts of state or local governments. It clarifies the requirements of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, for public transportation systems that receive federal financial assistance, and extends coverage to all public entities that provide public transportation, whether or not they receive federal financial assistance. It establishes detailed standards for the operation of public transit systems, including commuter and intercity rail (e.g., AMTRAK).